The 4th Cavalry
The 4th Cavalry was organized as the 1st United States Cavalry on March 3rd, 1855. Colonel Edwin Sumner formed the regiment at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri and in August, the regiment moved to Fort Leavenworth in the Kansas Territory. The unit was the first pure cavalry regiment raised on the regular peacetime establishment since the end of the War of 1812.The regiment kept the peace in “Bleeding Kansas,” participated in the 1857 campaign against the Cheyenne, and patrolled the Indian and Colorado Territories during the remaining years of the antebellum period.
The early part of the twentieth century was a quiet period for the regiment. It served for a period at Fort Meade, South Dakota and Fort Snelling, Minnesota before a brief stint on the Mexican border in 1911 to 1913 before transferring to Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, where the regiment served during the First World War.
The 4th Cavalry was awarded the Croix de Guerre for its actions during the Battle of Cherbourg in July 1944. The regiment was in the van for the great Allied drive across France and into Belgium. They played a critical role during the Battle of the Bulge, attacking at Bogheim into some of the best units in the German army and capturing critical ground at great cost. The regiment received a Presidential Unit Citation for this action.
The regiment remained on occupation duty until the 1960s, when the squadrons were split off to various divisions. Squadrons of the regiment served with the 1st and 25th Divisions during the Vietnam War, winning distinction at Tan Son Nhut and Ap Bau Bang. The 1st and 2nd Squadrons were part of the invasion of Iraq in 1991, leading the VII Corps and 24th Divisions respectively. All the units of the 4th Cavalry served in Iraq or Afghanistan during Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom. F Troop, 4th Cavalry was awarded a Presidential Unit Citation for its actions during the Battle of Fallujah in 2004.
Currently, the 1st and 5th Squadrons of the regiment serve with the 1st Infantry Division and the 3rd Squadron serves with the 25th Infantry Division as brigade reconnaissance forces.